Successful Gardening Tips for October

Another good month to submit soil samples from your plant beds and vegetable garden to the North Carolina Department of Agriculture for analysis.



  • October is the best time to set out new landscape plants!
  • Plant spring flowering bulbs like daffodil, tulip, crocus and hyacinth late this month.
  • Divide overcrowded perennials through mid month.
  • Continue planting winter annuals.
  • Plant a cover crop like annual rye, wheat or criimson clover in your vegetable garden.
  • Plant lettuce, green onions, carrots, radishes, broccoli, cauliflower and most leafy greens inside a coldframe to enjoy them through much of the fall/winter.



  • Control woody weeds by girdling the bark on the lower stem/trunk or applying an appropriate herbicide.
  • Store your garden pesticides and fertilizers in a secured, dry location. Clean spray tanks.
  • Check arborvitae, hemlock, and juniper for spruce spider mites, azalea and pyracantha for lace bug, and euonymus for scale.



  • Good time to establish milky spore for control of japanese beetle grubs.
  • Warm season lawns like Bermudagrass and zoysia can be overseeded with ryegrass.
  • Apply a preemergence herbicide to established turfgrass to control chickweed if it has been a problem in the past.
  • Keep leaves raked up, they can mat and cause bare areas, especially on newly seeded lawns.

Specific Chores


  • Start filling your compost bin as leaves begin to fall.
  • Clean up your vegetable garden as plants stop producing or die. Likewise, remove the topgrowth of frosted perennials to lessen disease and insect carry over.
  • Dig and store tender summer bulbs like caladium and elephant ear. Cover tubers with dry peat moss and store in a cool, dry place. Place a deep mulch over more hardy summer buls such as dahlia and gladioli.
  • Winterize your lawn and garden equipment once you are through using them.
  • Maintain bird feeders for ovewintering song birds.





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